Wandering Through the Bosque in Early Spring


February 2 is much more than Groundhog Day. It is the midpoint between the Winter Solstice and the Spring Equinox. Groundhog Day itself is derived from the religious feast of Candlemas and has roots going back way further. In a time when your life depended upon the natural rhythm of the seasons, it was extremely important to be aware of the coming changes and to note critical milestones with special celebrations. (Halloween shares the same distinction as it is the midpoint between the Fall Equinox and the Winter Solstice.)

The Rio Grande Bosque (cottonwood forest) is a great place to walk anytime of the year. There is always something special to see and no better place to observe the change and cycle of seasons. The bosque is featured in Hikes 4, 11, and 13 of the just released 3rd Edition of 60 Hikes within 60 Miles: Albuquerque.

As you enter the bosque, if you’re fortunate, you might see a flock of sandhill cranes flying overhead. The cranes begin heading north from their Winter feeding grounds in the central Rio Grande valley of New Mexico right around Groundhog Day and will continue to do so until the last stragglers leave in early March.

If you look toward the ground, there is a good chance that you’ll see new growth starting to sprout. And if you cast your gaze toward the trees, you might notice a tinge of life in the branches as the trees slowly wake up from their dormancy and start pumping nutrients to their far branches. The branches will soon have buds and blossoms to start a new cycle of seasons.

As you can see new growth is popping up everywhere.

The Siberian elm trees are in full blossom. In a few weeks those little red flowers will become seeds. On some streets you can use a snow shovel to scoop up the seeds.

And if you look further up into the high branches you might see a big yellow brown ball that looks like a large squirrel nest. But as you look closer you might notice a slight movement and the sun glistening off of some spines. What you’re looking at is a porcupine! And in this February, the bosque seems to be inundated with them.

If you look in the center of the picture you can see a lump.

A closer look reveals that it is a porcupine!

This tree has two porcupines!

I happen to live near the bosque and walk through the bosque with my dogs several times a week. For the last two or three weeks, we’ve been seeing porcupines every time we go out. We sometimes see as few as two, and on other days we have seen close to twenty!

Look carefully in the middle tree.

That round ball is another porcupine!

And here’a another porcupine at the top of the tree.

With the trees starting to pump nutrients, the porcupines are high up in the branches to gnaw on the bark. Over time they can strip a branch of most of its bark.

Last week we ran into a porcupine in a small tree close to the ground.

Two days later, the porcupine was still gnawing away.

This morning (two more days later) the porcupine was gone, and as you can see, the porcupine did a pretty good job of stripping the tree of bark.

As you walk through the bosque, you’ll see plenty of trees that have been visited by porcupines.

Porcupines are not the only creatures feeding on the trees. As you walk through the bosque near the river, you’re likely to find trees and saplings that have been brought down beavers. With the beavers living in dens along the riverbank, you’re not likely to see one but you can certainly see their handiwork.

Here’s some beaver handiwork!

Look at how a beaver chewed this stump!

If your route takes you by one of the ditches that carries water year round, make sure you look into the ditch. You’re likely to see mallards, wood ducks, coots, geese, and small fish swimming around.

If you return to the bosque in a few weeks, the plants will likely be fully grown and the trees will now be covered with leaves. The added foliage will make it difficult to spot the porcupines up in the branches, but there is a good chance that you’ll see plenty of nesting birds, including owls. By the end of March the nearby acequias (irrigation canals) will have been filled with water and begin to flow. The paths along the acequia banks offer you another chance to observe the cycle of seasons. In addition to watching ducks swim on the surface, make sure you look at the bottom where you’re likely to see crawfish scrambling around.

As the cycle of seasons continues, the bosque will give you more reasons to visit. In the fall the bosque will become a blaze of color. Toward the end of October as the acequias are being shut down for the year, the cranes will return from their northern excursion and remain throughout the winter as the trees and everything else starts to go dormant. But with Groundhog Day around the corner, you know that the porcupines will soon be out to complete the cycle of seasons.


  1. Fascinating report. Thanks for posting. In childhood I lived next to a narrow strip of woods in Ohio. The creek had muskrats and beavers. The trees housed many squirrels. I loved climbing to the tops where the branch would sway. Now I live in the Arizona desert, a different kind of beauty. But trees continue to live in my heart. The woods were full of wildflowers that changed with the seasons. There were wild strawberries in the nearby fields and blackberries along the creek’s sandstone banks. Spring brought jack-in-the-pulpits and violets before pale pink carpeted the hardwood forest–beeches, birches, elms, maples, butternuts, dogwoods and oaks. We found arrowheads and clam-shells. Birds added flickers of color and their songs. Autumn was a blaze of color, early spring soft green. Deep winter snow glowed against the dark damp bark of leafless trees in blessed quiet, the occasional fluff of snow falling from a branch.

  2. My mother frequently reminds me to “look up!” I tend to look down (out of fear of falling, I guess). Both have their uses as your post demonstrates.

  3. Great observations of the world around you. How does the land (plants and animals) adapt to the recent winter snow storms? In the Pacific Northwest we were headed to an early spring but now with three weeks of cold and snow spring has been put on hold. It must be confusing to the plants and animals.

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